Male Fertility

In as many as half of the couples who are unable to conceive it is the man who has the fertility problem. Many conditions affecting male fertility are symptomless so it is important that your partner is involved in the diagnostic process with your GP/Clinic.


You can help improve the quality of your partners sperm. It takes approx 100 days to produce new sperm, 74 days to produce it and 20-30 days for it to mature. So it will take an initial commitment of approx 3 months to work to improve the quality of the sperm.


Start by looking to reduce any negative influences on sperm formation by reviewing the following (taken from Zita West "fertility and conception"):


(1) High Temperatures - Sperm will not develop or function if the core body temperature is too high. Avoid hot baths, saunas, jacuzzis, regular long distance driving, tight fitting underwear, laptops directly on the lap, and mobile phones in front trouser pockets for long periods.


(2) Stress - Constant stress will result in the body fighting just to get blood pumping to the heart, lungs and brain. This diverts vital energy needed to make sperm away from this area and sperm production will suffer.


(3) Alcohol - It can interfere with the secretion of testosterone therefore lowering the sperm count and reducing the sex drive. As few as two drinks will have an affect. Stopping now will make an immediate difference.


(4) Smoking - this doubles the number of free radicals produced and reduces sperm count and motility (forward motion), as well as increasing abnormalities in the heads and tails


(5) Drugs - Cannabis and Cocaine will lower sperm count, and cannibis will also affect the libido and cause impotence over time.


(6) Caffeine - Can impair sperm production and may cause chromosonal abnormalities and affect sperm motility. Just reduce the amount to one or two cups a day maximum , cut it out completely if you can.


(7) Exercise - Exercise is good for the body but over exercising can be a problem, keep to a sensible exercise plan.


Other factors affecting sperm production and quality include toxins and pollutants and environmental oestrogens which are not so easy to influence. Supplementation may also help to optimise sperm quality particularly if some aspects of lifestyle cannot change. See details on the right.